National Security refers to a country protecting its citizens and economy from internal or external affairs. Many aspects can threaten a nation, such as terrorist attacks, cyber-attacks, riots, espionage, and others; this is where National Security is needed. It is also required to promote stability and relationship between countries. Without these, a nation would be vulnerable to these threats and unable to protect its citizens.
National security means protecting a country and its citizens from external and internal threats. Important things to consider for national security include Military readiness and capabilities to deter or defend against potential aggressors, Intelligence gathering and analysis to identify possible threats, and Cybersecurity to protect against hacking and other cyber-attacks. Border security is to prevent illegal immigration and smuggling, emergency preparedness and response to natural disasters or terrorists, economic stability, and resilience to ensure the government can keep up and protect critical infrastructure such as power grids, communication networks, and transportation systems.
Diplomatic relations are important because they provide a means for countries to communicate and negotiate with each other, resolve disputes, and cooperate on matters of mutual interest. They also help build trust and understanding between nations, which can promote peace and stability. Additionally, diplomatic relations can help to facilitate trade and cultural exchange, which can benefit both countries.
In general, maintaining diplomatic relations allows countries to work together to address global issues and achieve common goals.
It's important to note that these are just examples, and the priorities for national security may vary depending on the situation of a country. The Defense Ministry, The National Security Council, and other parts of the government look after the National Security of their nations.
Recently, Artificial Intelligence is currently supporting National Security in some countries such as the US, China, the UK, Israel, Russia, Norway, and more. AI has the potential to extract information from big data gathered by the country, which makes results delivery more efficient and possibly more accurate.
But, it is not limited to only calculating results; AI can also find patterns in existing data to predict the future with high accuracy. It can identify voice and image recognition, understand natural language, and make decisions to be competent with humans.
AI was first used in the military by the US in 1991: the use here was to schedule the transportation of supplies and personnel and to solve other logistical problems. The US, Russia, China, and other nations have implemented AI in their military to enhance warfare.
AI can also use technology more efficiently by using satellites or cameras around the country to monitor the present status of the nation; it can verify potential terrorists or criminal activity using image recognition and inform operators watching crimes in the country. AI is also increasingly used in the military to make weaponry autonomous such as drones, tanks, military ships, and air fighters which can potentially save lives and cost in National Defense.
A detailed list of benefits provided by AI in National Security is, Data analysis: AI can help to quickly and efficiently process large amounts of data from a variety of sources, such as satellite imagery, surveillance footage, and social media posts, to identify patterns and potential threats, Predictive capabilities of AI: AI can predict future events, such as terrorist attacks or cyber threats, allowing security agencies to take proactive measures to mitigate those risks, Image and speech recognition: AI can analyze images and voice to identify individuals or objects of interest, such as vehicles or weapons, Automation: AI can automate particular tasks, such as monitoring social media for signs of extremist activity, freeing up human resources for other duties, Improved decision-making: AI can provide decision-makers with valuable insights, such as identifying key players in a network of criminals or predicting the trajectory of a missile, that can help inform their decisions, Improving efficiency: AI can analyze a large amount of data in a relatively short time, thus increasing the efficiency of operations.
Even though AI sounds like it can do anything, they have particular problems to face before its implementation by the government, such as ethical and legal issues and privacy because it will constantly monitor its citizens.
There are several sensitive areas where AI could create drawbacks to National Security. They are:
Privacy: The use of AI in national security can raise concerns about privacy and civil liberties, as it involves the analysis of large amounts of personal data. Biased Discrimination: AI systems can perpetuate or even amplify biases present in the data they are trained on, leading to discrimination against certain groups of people. Lack of transparency: AI systems can be hard to understand and interpret, making it hard for decision-makers and the public to comprehend how decisions generate from the system. Autonomous weapons: The use of
AI in weapons systems raises concerns about the possibility of autonomous weapons that can take actions without human oversight, which can be dangerous and unpredictable. Cybersecurity: AI can be used in national security to protect against cyber threats, but it also can be used by malicious actors to launch cyber-attacks. International relations and diplomacy:
AI can analyze and predict the actions of other countries, but it can also be a source of tension and mistrust between nations, particularly with the use of autonomous weapons, and Human error: AI can make decisions based on the data it has, but it cannot take into account the human element, and sometimes the decision can be wrong.
It is necessary for governments and security agencies to consider these sensitive areas and to develop regulations and guidelines to ensure that AI is used responsibly and ethically in national security.
In the end, note that AI decision-making is conjoined with human intelligence and analysis to make decisions, as AI is not truly accurate and can have errors or biases. Here comes the concept where Augmented Intelligence, where AI comes up with a logical decision using its information, and then that decision is used to assist a human in making the decision. This method partially solves the errors and biases made by the AI, adding a bit of emotion into the mix.
(Karki is a software student)