Kathmandu, Nov 17: Foreign Exchange Reserves increased 2.5 per cent to Rs 1246.22 billion in mid-October 2022 from Rs 1215.80 billion in mid-July 2022, Nepal Rastra Bank (NRB) said in the Current Macroeconomic and Financial Situation of Nepal Report it released on Wednesday. The report is based on three months’ data ending Mid-October, 2022/23.
In US dollar terms, the gross foreign exchange reserves decreased 0.6 per cent to 9.48 billion in mid-October 2022 from 9.54 billion in mid-July 2022.
Of the total foreign exchange reserves, reserves held by NRB increased 4.3 per cent to Rs1101.60 billion in mid-October 2022 from Rs1056.39 billion in mid-July 2022. Reserves held by banks and financial institutions (except NRB) decreased 9.3 per cent to Rs 144.62 billion in mid-October 2022 from Rs159.41billion in mid-July 2022. The share of Indian currency in total reserves stood at 23.8 per cent in mid-October 2022.
Foreign Exchange Adequacy Indicators
The Central Bank stated that based on the imports for three months of 2022/23, the foreign exchange reserves of the banking sector is sufficient to cover the prospective merchandise imports of 9.6 months, and merchandise and services imports of 8.3 months. The ratio of reserves-to-GDP, reserves-to-imports and reserves-to-M2 stood at 25.7 per cent, 69.5 per cent and 22.5 per cent respectively in mid-October 2022.
Such ratios were 25.1 per cent, 57.8 per cent and 22.1 per cent respectively in mid-July 2022.
NRB said during the three months of 2022/23, merchandise exports decreased 35.7 per cent to Rs 41.82 billion against an increase of 109.5 per cent in the same period of the previous year.
Destination-wise, exports to India and China decreased by 45.0 per cent and 35.0 per cent respectively whereas exports to other countries increased by 5.0 per cent. Exports of zinc sheets, particle boards, woollen carpets, readymade garments, and tea, among others, increased whereas exports of soyabean oil, palm oil, oil cakes, jute goods, silverware and jewelry, among others, decreased in the review period.
During the three months of 2022/23, merchandise imports decreased 16.2 per cent to Rs 401 billion against an increase of 63.7 per cent a year ago. Destination-wise, imports from India, China and other countries decreased by 14.8 per cent, 16.7 per cent, and 19.2 per cent respectively. Imports of petroleum products, chemical fertilizer, sponge iron, medicine, and coal, among others, increased whereas imports of transport equipment & parts, silver, telecommunication equipment and parts, crude soyabean oil, M.S. wire rod, bars, coils & others, among others, decreased in the review period.
Based on customs points, exports from Dry Port, Jaleshwor, Kailali, Krishnanagar, Mechi and Tribhuwan Airport Customs Offices increased whereas exports from all the other major customs points decreased in the review period. On the import side, imports from Dry Port, Jaleshwor and Tatopani Customs Offices increased whereas imports from all the other major customs points decreased in the review period.
The total trade deficit decreased 13.1 per cent to Rs 359.18 billion during the three months of 2022/23. Such a deficit had increased by 58.3 per cent in the corresponding period of the previous year. The export-import ratio decreased to 10.4 per cent in the review period from 13.6 per cent in the corresponding period of the previous year.
During the three months of 2022/23, merchandise imports from India by paying convertible foreign currency amounted to Rs 34.59 billion. Such an amount was Rs 54.17 billion in the same period of the previous year. (RSS)