By A Staff Reporter Kathmandu, Apr. 5: The Ministry of Education, Science and Technology (MoEST) reported to Prime Minister KP Sharma Oli on Sunday that integrated approach and contribution from all the ministries and line agencies were needed to achieve the expected results in research and development. Submitting the Strategic Action Plan 2021 formulated to implement the Science, Technology and Innovation Policy, 2020 to the Prime Minister, the ministry stressed that wide application and use of science and technology was a prerequisite to achieve the national aspiration of prosperity. Minister for Education, Science and Technology Krishna Gopal Shrestha presented the action plan to the Prime Minister. He said that each level and sector should promote study, research, use and commercial application of science and technology to meet the sectorial development goals. Ministry officials stated that necessary equipment needed to be imported as early as possible and the government should facilitate and incentivise the transfer of technology with the facility of concessional loan and reduction in customs duties. The 10-year action plan mentions that research and development would be made result-oriented to connect them with entrepreneurship, enhance scientific awareness, promote scientific learning in the schools and make science education more effective. It aims at enhancing the quality of science and technology study, increasing its access as well as attraction and effectiveness of technological and vocational education, and transforming the science, technology and innovation through the protection, promotion and commercialisation of traditional technology. It will help for the effective use of science and technology in the development of physical infrastructure, agriculture and food security, mitigation of disaster risk, protection of environment, herbs processing and diagnosis of various diseases, the Prime Minister’s secretariat said in a statement. Likewise, the execution of the action plan will create opportunities to apply science and technology in the areas of tunnel construction, road, bridge and hydroelectricity project development, water reservoir, minerals, and medicinal herbs. In its presentation, the MoEST said that a high-level dialogue among politics, communication, business community and academia, and development of social network of the researchers and scientist was needed to achieve these goals. The action plan also includes the steps like promotion of professional societies, strengthening of science education in school level, development of laboratories, capacity enhancement of teachers and motivational programmes for them, emphasis on technical and vocational education, and short-term vocational programmes for the students of class 9-12 to engage them in post-exam period. It has suggested developing science infrastructure in additional 25 locations. A National Science Council will act as a coordinating agency that will communicate with all the ministries and agencies. About Rs. 258 billion is needed to execute the action plan. Prime Minister Oli directed the concerned agencies and sectors to take necessary steps for the implementation of the action plan.