Founded in 1945 following the World War II, the United Nations (UN) is a global body committed to maintaining international peace and security, developing friendly relations among nations and promoting social progress, better living standards, and human rights and freedoms. To achieve these goals, the UN has been instrumental in harmonising the actions of its Member States. While commemorating the 75th anniversary of the UN on September 21 this year, world leaders called for making the 193-member organisation more effective in dealing with numerous global challenges ranging from the coronavirus pandemic to climate change and establishment of peace and harmony among the nation to looming global economic crisis. They came together virtually to mark the anniversary with the theme "The future we want, the United Nations we need: Reaffirming our collective commitment to multilateralism". They also underlined the need to bring about timely reforms in the UN so as to enable it to deal with the impending global challenges in a more effectively manner.
With its distinctive international character, the UN, based on its Charter, offers a forum for its Member States to share their ideas and views through the General Assembly, the Security Council, the Economic and Social Council and other forums. It works for making the world a better place through peacekeeping mission, conflict resolution and humanitarian assistance. In addition, the international organisation focuses its activities on sustainable development, environment and protecting refugees, disaster relief, countering terrorism, disarmament and expanding food production. Having joined the UN in 1955, Nepal has been playing a pivotal role in establishing global peace by contributing to the UN peacekeeping mission. Like other world leaders, Prime Minister KP Sharma Oli, while addressing the UN's 75th anniversary, termed it as an occasion to reaffirm the commitment to peace, prosperity and justice. The Prime Minister emphatically said: "We, as humanity, have a responsibility to strengthen the UN and empower it as the centre of multilateralism to deal with the complex challenges the world is confronting."
Prime Minister Oli further noted that Nepal’s partnership with the UN had been ever-growing in all the three pillars as the country had been providing one of the most dedicated and professional services to the UN peace operations for the past six decades. No doubt, the global organisation has also been a key partner in the country's development process from the very beginning. According to him, the UN has now been at ‘generational crossroads’ of continuity and transformation and reeling from a test of delivering on the ever-increasing expectations such as protecting the neediest countries and peoples and promoting the sovereign equality and dignity of all.
It has also become quite challenging for the UN to fight against the threats like pandemics, climate crisis and terrorism besides ensuring total elimination of nuclear, chemical, biological, radiological and all other weapons of mass destruction. The world has no alternative to unity, solidarity and cooperation. He added since the UN was focused on the 12-point action as highlighted in the new Declaration and mobilised support for the entirety of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), no one was left behind. It is essential to enable the UN to build a just, fair, and rules-based international order where no nation is superior to others. Only could the vibrant global body tackle the existential threats and emergencies.